Sustainable design of terraced houses in Cardiff

  • Karin Ernst University of Twente

Abstract

Global warming is no longer a threat, it has become a reality with significant effects on our communities, our health and our climate. Maintaining comfort in our homes will lead to a higher energy consumption for in-house cooling systems to counteract higher inside temperatures. Unfortunately, different ad-hoc cooling technologies will lead to higher CO2 emissions. This research examines sustainable methods for commonly built residential houses in Cardiff. The building fabric is changed and the simulations indicate that the decrease of Window-to-Wall Ratio is the most effective, followed by a better insulation of building surfaces and adapting shadow devices.

References

[1] Anna Mavrogianni, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies, Phillip Biddulph, and Eleni Oikonomou. Building characteristics as determinantsof propensity to high indoor summer temperatures in londondwellings. Building and Environment, 55:117–130, 2012.

[2] Wei Tian and Pieter De Wilde. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysisof building performance using probabilistic climate projections: A uk case study. Automation in construction, 20(8):1096–1109, 2011.

[3] Peng Xu, Yu Joe Huang, Norman Miller, Nicole Schlegel, and
Pengyuan Shen. Impacts of climate change on building heating
and cooling energy patterns in california. Energy, 44(1):792–804,
2012.

[4] Shariful Shikder, Monjur Mourshed, and Andrew Price. Summertimeimpact of climate change on multi-occipancy british dwellings.open house international, 37(4), 2012.

[5] M Eames, Tristan Kershaw, and David Coley. On the creation of
future probabilistic design weather years from ukcp09. Building
Services Engineering Research and Technology, 32(2):127–142,
2011.

[6] Arash Beizaee, Kevin J Lomas, and Steven K Firth. National survey of summertime temperatures and overheating risk in english homes.Building and Environment, 65:1–17, 2013.

[7] AR Day, PG Jones, and GG Maidment. Forecasting future cooling demand in london. Energy and buildings, 41(9):942–948, 2009.

[8] Energyplus energy simulation software, 3 2014.

[9] T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen,
J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex, P.M. Midgley, et al. Climate
Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis: Contribution of Working
Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

[10] 2011 census - kex & quick statistics profile cardiff & wales.

[11] Terraced house, 5 2014.

[12] Randall McMullan. Environmental Science of Building. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 6th edition edition, 2007.

[13] The Governments Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of dwellings. BRE, 5 2001.

[14] Bram Entrop. Assessing energy techniques and measures in residential buildings: multidisciplinary perspective.
How to Cite
ERNST, Karin. Sustainable design of terraced houses in Cardiff. Student Undergraduate Research E-journal!, [S.l.], v. 1, nov. 2015. ISSN 2468-0443. Available at: <https://journals.open.tudelft.nl/index.php/sure/article/view/1077>. Date accessed: 26 may 2019.
Published
2015-11-20