Smart Energy Dissipation: Damped Outriggers for Tall Buildings under Strong Earthquakes

  • Mauricio Beltran TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Abstract

The use of outriggers in tall buildings is a common practice to reduce response under dynamic loading. Viscous dampers have been implemented between the outrigger and the perimeter columns, to reduce vibrations without increasing the stiffness of the structure. This damped outrigger concept has been implemented for reducing vibrations produced by strong winds. However, its behaviour under strong earthquakes has been not yet properly investigated. Strong earthquakes introduce larger amount of energy into the building’s structure, compared to moderate earthquakes or strong winds. In tall buildings, such seismic energy is dissipated by several mechanisms including bending deformation of the core, friction between structural and nonstructural components, and eventually, damage.

This research focuses on the capability of tall buildings equipped with damped outriggers to undergo large deformations without damage. In other words, when the ground motion increases due to strong earthquakes, the dampers can be assumed to be the main source of energy dissipation whilst the host structure displays an elastic behaviour. These investigations are based on the assessment of both the energy demands due to large-earthquake induced motion and the energy capacity of the system, i.e. the energy capacity of the main components, namely core, outriggers, perimeter columns and dampers. The objective of this research is to determine if the energy dissipated by hysteresis can be fully replaced by energy dissipated through the action of passive dampers.

This research is based on finite element (FE) models developed in Diana-FEA software. These analytical models consider the use of nonlinear settings throughout almost the whole FE model. The numerical investigations on passive damped outriggers are based on master Matlab scripts, which run combined parametric analysis within Diana.

 

References

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Rhinoceros 5

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Tan, P., Fang, C. and Zhou, F. 2014. Dynamic characteristics of a novel damped outrigger system. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. 13: 293-304. 10.1007/s11803-014-0231-3

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Chapter 5

Asai, T., Chang, C.-M., Phillips, B. M. and Spencer Jr, B. F. 2013. Real-time hybrid simulation of a smart outrigger damping system for high-rise buildings. Engineering Structures. 57: 177-188. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.09.016

Bojórquez, E., Reyes-Salazar, A., Terán-Gilmore, A. and Ruiz, S. 2010. Energy-based damage index for steel structures. Steel and Composite Structures. 10: 331-348.

Bruneau, M. and Wang, N. 1996. Some aspects of energy methods for the inelastic seismic response of ductile SDOF structures. Engineering Structures. 18: 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-0296(95)00099-X

Chang, C.-M., Wang, Z., Spencer Jr, B. F. and Chen, Z. 2013. Semi-active damped outriggers for seismic protection of high-rise buildings. Smart Structures and Systems. 11: 435-451.

Chopra, A. K. 2007. Dynamics of structures: theory and applications to earthquake engineering. Prentice-Hall:

Khashaee, P., Mohraz, B., Sadek, F., Lew, H. and Gross, J. L. 2003. Distribution of earthquake input energy in structures. U.S. Department of Commerce

Smith, R. 2016. The Damped Outrigger-Design and Implementation. International Journal of High-Rise Buildings. 5: 63-70.

Uang, C.-M. and Bertero, V. V. 1990. Evaluation of seismic energy in structures. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 19: 77-90. 10.1002/eqe.4290190108

Willford, M. and Smith, R. 2008. Performance based seismic and wind engineering for 60 story twin towers in Manila

Zhou, Y. and Li, H. 2013. Analysis of a high-rise steel structure with viscous damped outriggers. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 23: 963-979. 10.1002/tal.1098



Chapter 6

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Bojórquez, E., Reyes-Salazar, A., Terán-Gilmore, A. and Ruiz, S. (2010). Energy-based damage index for steel structures. Steel and Composite Structures. 10: 331-348.

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Zhou, Y. and Li, H. (2014). Analysis of a high-rise steel structure with viscous damped outriggers. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 13: 963-979.



Chapter 7

Beiraghi, H., Kheyroddin, A. and Kafi, M. A. 2016. Energy dissipation of tall core-wall structures with multi-plastic hinges subjected to forward directivity near-fault and far-fault earthquakes. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 25: 801-820. 10.1002/tal.1284

Beiraghi, H. and Siahpolo, N. 2017. Seismic assessment of RC core-wall building capable of three plastic hinges with outrigger. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 26: e1306-n/a. 10.1002/tal.1306

Chen, Y., McFarland, D., Wang, Z., Spencer, B. and Bergman, L. 2010. Analysis of Tall Buildings with Damped Outriggers. Journal of Structural Engineering. 136: 1435-1443. 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000247

Huang, B. and Takeuchi, T. 2017. Dynamic Response Evaluation of Damped-Outrigger Systems with Various Heights. Earthquake Spectra. 33: 665-685. 10.1193/051816EQS082M

Prieto Hoces, A. 2011. Interfaz ambiental en edificios de oficina: envolvente de espesor programático variable como sistema de mediación ambiental pasivo

Tan, P., Fang, C. and Zhou, F. 2014. Dynamic characteristics of a novel damped outrigger system. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. 13: 293-304. 10.1007/s11803-014-0231-3

Willford, M. and Smith, R. 2008. Performance based seismic and wind engineering for 60 story twin towers in Manila
How to Cite
BELTRAN, Mauricio. Smart Energy Dissipation. A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, [S.l.], n. 12, p. 1-310, june 2018. ISSN 2214-7233. Available at: <https://journals.open.tudelft.nl/index.php/abe/article/view/2300>. Date accessed: 20 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.7480/abe.2018.12.2300.
Published
2018-06-01