Ambiente di soggiorno e terrazzo Milan (IT)

Luigi Figiniand and Gino Pollini


  • Paul Kuitenbrouwer TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment


In the late 1920s, Italian architecture was still operating within the boundaries of academic thinking, and clung to neoclassicism and a decorative style concept, whereas in the surrounding world, the Modern Movement was already in full swing. Among the first young people to oppose this conservative Italian academic culture were Luigi Figini (1903-1984) and Gino Pollini (1903-1991). Both were founders of GRUPPO 7; their four-part manifesto (1926- 1927) provided the basis for the Italian Razionalismo. Together, they began a design practice in Milan in 1929; from 1930, they were also active CIAM members.

The character of the Biennale (from 1930: Triennial) for decorative and applied arts, first held in Monza (1923), was rapidly changing from a regional showcase to an important Italian exhibition of progressive designs. In the framework of the 6th Triennial in Milan, in 1936, Figini and Pollini furnished their ambiente di soggiorno e terrazzo. This setting combined elements of the new (rational and functional) architecture with other elements, taken from a tradition that had been preserved over the centuries, and presented them as part of a whole that spanned all the ages. Greenery was of fundamental importance here, and was represented in the built urban environment by roofs above gardens, planters and open patios, which would enrich the lives of modern city dwellers.

Author Biography

Paul Kuitenbrouwer, TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Paul Kuitenbrouwer graduated in 1988 as an architect from the Faculty of Architecture of Delft University of Technology. Since then he worked for, among others, Wiel Arets and Jo Coenen, for whom he was deputy supervisor of the Sphinx-Céramique site in Maastricht. In 2001 he followed Coenen, who was appointed Dutch Government Architect, to The Hague. Since 2006, he has been an assistant professor associated with the Chair of Architecture and Dwelling of Delft University of Technology; he has conducted research into high-density low-rise housing (Intense Laagbouw) and student housing (bouwjong!), teaches both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree design studios and analysis seminars with an emphasis on typology, density and the urban context, and is an editor of DASH. In addition, he has taught at the Amsterdam Academy of Architecture (2009-2012) and since 2016 teaches at the Maastricht Academy of Architecture. Since 2017, he is also a member of the Board of Examiners for Architects at The Dutch Architect’s Register Agency in The Hague. 






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