Data-Driven Design to Production and Operation


  • Henriette Bier
  • Terry Knight



Digital technology has introduced in the last decades data-driven representational and generative methodologies based on principles such as parametric definition and algorithmic processing. In this context, the 15th Footprint issue examines the development of data-driven techniques such as digital drawing, modelling, and simulation with respect to their relationship to design. The data propelling these techniques may consist of qualitative or quantitative values and relations that are algorithmically processed. However, the focus here is not on each technique and its respective representational and generative aspects, but on the interface between these techniques and design conceptualisation, materialization, and use.

Author Biographies

Henriette Bier

Henriette Bier graduated in architecture (1998) from the University of Karlsruhe in Germany, and afterwards worked with Morphosis (1999-2001) and ONL (2003) on internationally relevant projects in the US and Europe. She taught computer-based architectural design (2002- 2003) at universities in Austria, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, and since 2004 she has been mainly teaching and researching at the Delft University of Technology with a focus on digitally driven architecture. She initiated and coordinated the workshop and lecture series on Digital Design and Fabrication (2005-06) with invited guests from MIT and ETHZ, and in 2008 finalised her PhD on System-Embedded Intelligence in Architecture. Results of her research have been published internationally in books, journals and conference proceedings, and she regularly lectures and leads workshops worldwide.

Terry Knight

Terry Knight is a Professor of Design and Computation in the Department of Architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research and teaching centre on the theory and application of shape grammars. Her book, Transformations in Design, is a well-known intro- duction to the field of shape grammars, and she has published extensively on shape grammars and related topics in international design research journals. Her recent work is in the new area of Computational Making, where she is exploring the incorporation of sensory, experiential and improvisational aspects of making things into compu- tational systems. She has served on the editorial boards of Languages of Design, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Journal of Mathematics and the Arts, ArchiDoct and Design Science Journal. She holds a BFA from the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design and a MA and PhD in Architecture from the University of California, Los Angeles.