Cult of war

The Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces


  • Elena Markus Technical University of Munich
  • Nina Frolova



The Main Cathedral of the Russian Armed Forces in Kubinka near Moscow is a quintessential example of the post-Soviet populist ideology, representating a mixture of ostensibly religious values with multiple secular cult objects.

Author Biographies

Elena Markus, Technical University of Munich

Elena Markus (b. Kossovskaja) studied architecture at the UdK, Berlin University of the Arts. Since 2014, Elena has been teaching at the TUM Technical University of Munich. In her PhD entitled (Dirty) Realism: Analogue Architecture 1983–1987, she investigated the social and political significance of an architecture production of images with regard to the ‘realism’, as well as to the ‘dirty realism’ discourse in the architecture of the 1980s, and by the work example of Swiss architecture group Analogue Architecture.

Nina Frolova

Nina Frolova studied art history at the Moscow State University. Having started her career as a research fellow at the Shchusev State Museum of Architecture (2003–2008), she is now head of the Architecture and Fine Arts Department at the Great Russian Encyclopedia publishing house and managing editor at – Russia’s leading architectural publication.


Etkind, Aleksander and Mikhail Minakov, ed., Ideology After Union: Political Doctrines, Discourses, and Debates in Post-Soviet Societies, (Stuttgart: ibidem, 2020).

Gill, Graeme, Symbols and Legitimacy in Soviet Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Rovira Kaltwasser, Cristobal, Paul Taggart, Paulina Ochoa Espejo, Pierre Ostiguy, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Populism, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

Yurchak, Alexei, Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005).