On the Open Style of Architectural Reasoning


  • Konstantinos Apostolidis National Technical University of Athens




This article departs from Ian Hacking’s concept of ‘styles of reasoning’ to argue that open architecture is not necessarily an ontological, but rather a methodological category, and that in order to understand open architecture we require an appropriate style of architectural reasoning. Stanford Anderson’s approach to Imre Lakatos’s methodology of scientific research programmes in architecture is used to develop the idea that a precise style of reasoning forms an explicit understanding of architectural openness, and is elaborated further using Michael Hays’s notion of critical architecture as an alternative approach to open architecture, which is free from any predetermined logic. The article concludes with an attempt to identify similarities between the work of Anderson and Hays as a basis for an open style of architectural reasoning.

Author Biography

Konstantinos Apostolidis, National Technical University of Athens

Konstantinos Apostolidis obtained his diploma as an architect from Democritus University of Thrace in 2013, and the degree of Master of Science in Architecture and the Building Sciences (cum laude), from TU Delft in 2016. Since 2018 he is a PhD candidate at the National Technical University of Athens. He works as an architect and has won several prizes in architectural competitions.


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