The Interface: Peace Walls, Belfast, Northern Ireland
In 2013, the Northern Ireland Executive outlined a goal to ‘create a ten year programme to reduce, and remove by 2023, all interface barriers’ in Northern Ireland. This unexpected statement helped to focus attention on the difficulties inherent in making this commitment a reality. Made during a period of fieldwork in Belfast between 2014 and 2016, this work of text and image frames the thirteen clusters of separation barriers that divide communities across Belfast as a single system entitled ‘The Interface’.
BBC, ‘Beacon of hope on city's mountain’, BBC News, 27 June 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/4623859.stm.
BBC, ‘Forty years of peacelines’, BBC News, 1 July 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/8121228.stm.
Frederick W. Boal, Territoriality on the Shankill–Falls Divide, Belfast, Irish Geography, 41:3 (November 2008): 349–366, doi: 10.1080/00750770802507079.
Belfast Interface Project, ‘Belfast Interfaces: Security Barriers and Defensive Use of Space’. See: ‘Interfaces Map and Database – Overview’, 2011, http://www.belfastinterfaceproject.org/interfaces-map-and-database-overview.
Rebecca Black, ‘Support grows for Northern Ireland peace walls to stay’, Belfast Telegraph, 16 December 2015, http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/support-grows-for-northern-ireland-peace-walls-to-stay-34291021.html.
Niall Cunningham and Ian Gregory, ‘Hard to miss, easy to blame? Peacelines, interfaces and political deaths in Belfast during the Troubles’, Political Geography 40 (2014): 64–78.
Thomas Harding, ‘The security wall on our doorstep’, The Daily Telegraph, 25 February 2004, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1455245/The-security-wall-on-our-doorstep.html.
Branden Hookway, Interface (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014).
Martin Melaugh, ‘“Remembering”: Victims, Survivors and Commemoration. The Human Face of Conflict: Photographs of those killed’, 2009,
Northern Ireland Executive, ‘Together: Building a United Community Strategy (TBUC)’. Belfast, NIE, 2013, https://www.executiveoffice-ni.gov.uk/publications/together-building-united-community-strategy.
Office of the First Minister & Deputy First Minister, ‘Together: Building a United Community Strategy’, 23 May 2013, https://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/publications.
Office of the First Minister & Deputy First Minister, The Atlantic Philantropies, ‘Evaluation of the Contested Space/Interface Programme 2011–2015, June 2015’, 29 October 2015, https://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/publications/.
James O’Leary, Peacewall Archive, 5 June 2015, http://www.peacewall-archive.net.
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland – PRONI HA/32/2/55_1969, Accessed 17 November, 2016, http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/proni/1969/proni_HA-32-2-55_1969-08-14_c.pdf.
Malcolm Sutton, Bear in Mind These Dead: An Index of Deaths From the Conflict in Northern Ireland, 1969–1993. (Belfast: Beyond the Pale Publications, 1994).
Elisabetta Viggiani, ‘Public Forms of Memorialisation to the Victims of the Northern Irish “Troubles” in the City of Belfast’, 2006, accessed February 10, 2016, http://cain.ulster.ac.uk/viggiani.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.