Envisioning a Post-Conflict Tripoli: The Inclusive Urban Strategy and Action Plan for Bab Al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen
The Inclusive Urban Strategy and Action Plan is a study conducted by a multi-disciplinary international team focused on the post-conflict area of Tripoli, the second largest city of Lebanon. The project includes the neighbourhoods of Bab Al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen and the conflict zone in between where hostilities ended thanks to the implementation of a security plan in 2014. The aim of the proposal is to initiate and foster peace and reconciliation between the conflicting communities, while addressing spatial, social and economic segregations by a holistic and tactical urban approach.
The strategy results from a deep study and understanding of the actual fragile conditions in Tripoli, and derives its guidelines from the fractures and the intrinsic resources of the place. It is structured in three main layers (urban armature, functional injections and placemaking) and envisions the possibility to establish new relations and synergies inside the hugely fragmented environment.
Instead of proposing concrete solutions, the strategy aims at initially generating the necessary conditions to trigger processes of recovery and therefore development, encountering positive outcomes and opportunities as well as possible threats. Adaptability and retrofitting thus became keywords in developing a realistic strategy that can take into consideration the difficulty of programming and making decisions in the context of post-conflict reconstruction.
Elias Abou Mrad, Joyce Abou Moussa, Fabiano Micocci, Nadine Mouawad, Marie-Lyne Samaha, Inclusive Urban Strategy and Action Plan, Bab Al-Tabbaneh and Jebel Mohsen (Tripoli, 2015).
Sultan Barakat, ‘The role of The Architects in Post-War Recovery’, Volume, no. 40 (2014).
Nate Berg, ‘Diplomacy by Design: Why Post-Conflict Cities Are Architecture ‘s Next Battleground’, Foreign Policy Magazine, September 2015.
Robert Bevan, The Destruction of Memory. Architecture at War (London: Reaktion Books, 2007).
Beyond Reform & Development website, accessed 19 November 2016 https://www.beyondrd.com/#/.
Richard Bowd and Özerdem Alpaslan, Participatory Research Methodologies: Development and Post-Disaster/ Conflict Reconstruction (London: Ashgate, 2010).
Jon Calame and Esther Charlesworth, Divided Cities. Belfast, Beirut, Jerusalem, Mostar, and Nicosia (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009).
Esther Charlesworth, Architects Without Frontiers. War, Reconstruction and Design Responsibility (Oxford: Architectural Press, 2006).
Rafael Cuesta, Christine Sarris, Paola Signoretta and J.C Moughtin, Urban Design: Methods and Techniques (Oxford: Architectural Press, 2003).
Mutasem El Fadl, Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Cultural Heritage and Urban Development Project Lebanon, (Beirut: Council for Development and Reconstruction, June 2002).
Robert Fadel website, ‘Tripoli Vision 2020’, accessed 19 November 2016, http://robertfadel.com/english/Tripoli-Vision-2020.
Rory Hyde and Timothy Moore, ‘Keeping the Pace. Esther Charlesworth interviewed by Rory Hyde and Timothy Moore’, Volume, no. 26 (2010).
Catherine Le Thomas and Bruno Dewally, Pauvreté et conditions socio-économiques à Al-Fayhâ: Diagnostic et élèments de strategie (Tripoli: Agence française de Développement pour la Fédération des municipalités de Tripoli Al-Fayhâ, 2009).
Adrian Lahoud, ‘Architecture, the city and its scale: Oscar Niemeyer in Tripoli, Lebanon’, The Journal of Architecture, 18, no. 6 (2013).
Jaime Lerner, Urban Acupuncture. Celebrating Pinpricks that Enrich City Life (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2014).
Maren Milligan, ‘Tripoli ‘s Trouble to Come’, Middle East Research and Information Project, 13 August 2012.
Arjen Oosterman and Lilet Breddels, ‘Towards An Architecture of Peace’, Volume, no. 40 (2014).
Letty Reimerink, ‘Medellín made urban escalators famous, but have they had any impact?’, Cityscope, 24 July 2014.
Roman Rollnick (ed.), Strategic Urban Developement Plan For Homa Bay Municipality (2008–2030). Strategic Planning for Environmental Governance and Poverty Alleviation (Nairobi: United Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), 2010).
Mitchell Sutika Sipus, ‘Post-conflict reconstruction is dead’, Sustainable Cities Collective, 10 April 2014.
Ombretta Tempra, Bossaso, First Stepts Towards Strategic Urban Planning (Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), 2009).
UNDP and Ministry of Social Affairs, The Mapping of Human Poverty and Living Conditions in Lebanon (in Arabic) (Beirut: Ministry of Social Affairs and the United Nations Development Program, 2008).
Urban Community Al-Fayhâ website, accessed 18 September 2016, http://www.urbcomfayhaa.gov.lb/AFSDS/proposal.htm 07/10/2014.
USAID website, accessed 19 November 2016, https://www.usaid.gov/.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.