Employer Attitudes towards Peak Hour Avoidance

  • Diana M. Vonk Noordegraaf Delft University of Technology and TNO
  • Jan Anne Annema Delft University of Technology


Peak Hour Avoidance is a relatively new Dutch mobility management measure. To reduce congestion frequent car drivers are given a financial reward for reducing the proportion of trips that they make during peak hours on a specific motorway section. Although previous studies show that employers are not eager to support mobility management measures, employers are nevertheless an important stakeholder. They can provide their employees with alternatives such as other travel times, work locations or travel modes and encourage their use. This paper investigates the attitudes of Dutch employers towards Peak Hour Avoidance. Exploring the factors that influence these attitudes may help to fully utilise employer support. The data from 103 employers were collected through a web questionnaire. A structural equation model on the employer support for Peak Hour Avoidance was estimated. The results demonstrate that the size of the organisation and sector only have an indirect effect on the support for Peak Hour Avoidance. Results reveal that most support for Peak Hour Avoidance can be expected from organisations who feel responsible for influencing the commuting behaviour of employees, that have human resource managers with a positive attitude towards Peak Hour Avoidance, with flexible working times and that have already implemented mobility management measures. The largest contribution to PHA that can be expected from employers is providing employees with flexible working times and encouraging employees to fully utilise this option as an alternative for driving in peak hours. This would not only be beneficial for PHA but for a wide range of mobility management initiatives as well.

How to Cite
VONK NOORDEGRAAF, Diana M.; ANNEMA, Jan Anne. Employer Attitudes towards Peak Hour Avoidance. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 4, sep. 2012. ISSN 1567-7141. Available at: <https://journals.open.tudelft.nl/ejtir/article/view/2975>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.18757/ejtir.2012.12.4.2975.