Villa Welpeloo Enschede



  • Frederique van Andel TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment


When 2012Architecten received the commission to design a villa in the Roombeek district in Enschede in 2005, the firm had for years already been designing and realizing smaller projects in which they applied reused materials. The architects conceived the term ‘superuse’ for this system of reuse and published a book on the subject in 2007. With superuse, new life is given to waste materials, or parts of them, in their original form. Thus it should not be confused with recycling, which stands for the entire process of reworking existing objects into new raw materials, something that requires a lot of new energy.

Villa Welpeloo is the first house the architects built. The clients wanted to be able to exhibit art professionally in their new residence. A wide glass entrance between the guest wing and the living room takes visitors into a large, twostorey- high exhibition room that is spatially connected with the dining and living room area. The kitchen and workroom are on a slightly higher level. Located on the top floor are the master bedroom with annexes and a guest bedroom.

Sixty per cent of the villa is comprised of waste materials. To achieve this, the architects made a ‘harvest map’ of potential building materials in the surrounding area, sticking to a radius of approximately 15 km around the building lot in order to limit CO2 emissions from transport. The fieldwork for this harvest map literally consisted of scouting out transit sheds and visiting factories in search of usable waste products.

Author Biography

Frederique van Andel, TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Frederique van Andel holds a Master’s degree in both urban planning and architecture from Delft University of Technology. She worked for Mecanoo architecten and DP6 architectuurstudio in Delft, and lived in Barcelona where she worked with architect Toni Gironès. Since 2006, Frederique is a researcher and lecturer in the Global Housing research group of the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment of TU Delft. Her main topic of interest is affordable housing for growing cities in the Global South. Frederique curated the exhibition ‘Global Housing – Affordable Dwellings for Growing Cities’ (2016) with venues in Delft and Addis Ababa. She is editor of the book series DASH (Delft Architectural Studies on Housing) and coordinates and edits the online Platform for Affordable Dwelling (PAD). Frederique teaches Master courses on Global Housing Design and Bachelor courses on Plan Analysis. She is project manager for the research project ‘Addis Ababa Living Lab: Creating Resilient Dwelling Clusters for Urban Resettlement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’, funded by the Dutch Research Council and TU Delft (2019-2023).