Urban Renewal Decision - Making in China: Stakeholders, Process, and System Improvement

  • Taozhi Zhuang TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Abstract

To meet the growing rigid demand of urban housing, urban renewal has played a significant role, which significantly promotes the urban prosperity in China. However, at the same time, many problems occurred through large-scale urban renewal projects. To avoid unintended consequences that occurred in urban renewal, how these decisions were made can be one key focus. To better achieve the goal of sustainability, this research aims to deepen the understanding of urban renewal decision-making in China and contribute to recommend strategies to improve the system. Based on the participatory decision-making theory and the characteristics of urban renewal, a conceptual framework is built to achieve the aim of this research. According to the research framework, this research firstly conducted an empirical study of stakeholders’ expectations in urban renewal projects. Eighteen factors are identified and compared among the main stakeholder groups. Secondly, this research explores the stakeholders and their participation in the decision-making of urban renewal in China. Stakeholder Analysis and Social Network Analysis are complemented as the research methodology. In the third step, transaction costs theory is adopted to improve the understanding of urban renewal decision-making process in China. Based on the results of the above three steps, the last step of this research systematically determines a set of strategies for improving urban renewal decision-making in China by adopting the Analytic Network Process. The findings of this research add new knowledge on the exploration of the decision-making of public projects and can be directly adopted by the authority in practice.

References

A. Booth, G. Halseth, Why the public thinks natural resources public participation processes fail: A case study of British Columbia communities, Land Use Policy 28 (2011) 898-906.

A. Carmeli, Z. Sheaffer, M. Yitzack Halevi, Does participatory decision-making in top management teams enhance decision effectiveness and firm performance?, Personnel Review 38 (2009) 696-714.

A. Coggan, E. Buitelaar, S. Whitten, J. Bennett, Factors that influence transaction costs in development offsets: Who bears what and why?, Ecological Economics 88 (2013) 222-231.

A. Coggan, S.M. Whitten, J. Bennett, Influences of transaction costs in environmental policy, Ecological Economics 69 (2010) 1777-1784.

A. Colantonio, G. Lane, Measuring social sustainability, Best Practice from Urban Renewal in the EU, 2007/01: EIBURS Working Paper Series, Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development (OISD)–International Land Markets Group (2007).

A. Michaelowa, F. Jotzo, Transaction costs, institutional rigidities and the size of the clean development mechanism, Energy Policy 33 (2005) 511-523.

A. Power, Does demolition or refurbishment of old and inefficient homes help to increase our environmental, social and economic viability?, Energy Policy 36 (2008) 4487-4501.

A. Von Bogdandy, P. Dann, M. Goldmann, Developing the publicness of public international law: towards a legal framework for global governance activities, The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions, 2010, 3-32.

A.A. Elias, R.Y. Cavana, L.S. Jackson, Stakeholder analysis for R&D project management, R&D Management 32 (2002) 301-310.

A.D. Basiago, Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice, The Environmentalist 19 (1998) 145-161.

Adams, D., & Hastings, E. M. (2001). Urban renewal in Hong Kong: transition from development corporation to renewal authority. Land Use Policy, 18, 245–258.

August, M. (2016). “It’s all about power and you have none:” The marginalization of tenant resistance to mixed-income social housing redevelopment in Toronto, Canada. Cities, 57, 25-32.

B. Enserink, J. Koppenjan, Public participation in China: sustainable urbanization and governance, Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 18 (2007) 459-474.

B. Garcia, Cultural policy and urban regeneration in Western European cities: lessons from experience, prospects for the future, Local economy 19 (2004) 312-326.

B. Hopwood, M. Mellor, G. O’Brien, Sustainable development: mapping different approaches, Sustainable development 13 (2005) 38-52.

B. Smit, O. Pilifosova, Adaptation to climate change in the context of sustainable development and equity, Sustainable Development 8 (2003) 9.

B. Strasser, J. Baudry, D. Mahr, G. Sanchez, E. Tancoigne, " Citizen Science"? Rethinking Science and Public Participation, Science & Technology Studies 32 (2019) 52-76.

B. Zhai, M.K. Ng, Urban Regeneration and Its Realities in Urban China, Urban Planning Forum 180 (2009) 75-82.

B.-s. Tang, S.-w. Wong, M.C.-h. Lau, Social impact assessment and public participation in China: A case study of land requisition in Guangzhou, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 28 (2008) 57-72.

Badi, S., Wang, L., & Pryke, S. (2017). Relationship marketing in Guanxi networks: A social network analysis study of Chinese construction small and medium-sized enterprises. Industrial Marketing Management, 60, 204-218.

BC, Our common future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, UN Documents Gathering a Body of Global Agreements, 1987.

Bodin, Ö., & Crona, B. I. (2009). The role of social networks in natural resource governance: What relational patterns make a difference? Global environmental change, 19, 366-374.

Borgatti, S. P., Everett, M. G., & Freeman, L. C. (2002). Ucinet for Windows: Software for social network analysis.

Brabham, D. C. (2012). Motivations for participation in a crowdsourcing application to improve public engagement in transit planning. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 40, 307-328.

Brugha, R., & Varvasovszky, Z. (2000). Stakeholder analysis: a review. Health policy and planning, 15, 239-246.

Bryson, J. M., Patton, M. Q., & Bowman, R. A. (2011). Working with evaluation stakeholders: A rationale, step-wise approach and toolkit. Evaluation and program planning, 34, 1-12.

Burt, R. S., Minor, M. J., & Alba, R. D. (1983). Applied network analysis: A methodological introduction: Sage Publications Beverly Hills, CA.

C. Begg, Power, responsibility and justice: a review of local stakeholder participation in European flood risk management, Local Environment 23 (2018) 383-397.

C. Couch, A. Dennemann, Urban regeneration and sustainable development in Britain: The example of the Liverpool Ropewalks Partnership, Cities 17 (2000) 137-147.

C. Couch, Urban renewal: theory and practice, London, 1990.

C. Langston, F.K. Wong, E. Hui, L.-Y. Shen, Strategic assessment of building adaptive reuse opportunities in Hong Kong, Building and Environment 43 (2008) 1709-1718.

C. Law, J.C. Chan, E.W. Chui, Y. Wong, C. Lee, F. Chau, Study Report-Urban Renewal Policies in Asian Cities for the Urban Renewal Strategy Review, 2009.

C. O'Faircheallaigh, Public participation and environmental impact assessment: Purposes, implications, and lessons for public policy making, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 30 (2010) 19-27.

C.-J. Cho, An analysis of the housing redevelopment process in Korea through the lens of the transaction cost framework, Urban Studies 48 (2011) 1477-1501.

C.-k. Cheung, K.-k. Leung, Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China, Social Indicators Research 82 (2007) 411-432.

C.-L. Hwang, M.-J. Lin, Group decision making under multiple criteria: methods and applications, 2012.

C.-Y. Jim, Sustainable urban greening strategies for compact cities in developing and developed economies, Urban Ecosystems 16 (2013) 741-761.

C.G. Collier, The role of micro-climates in urban regeneration planning, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers 164 (2011) 73.

C.S. Chi, J. Xu, L. Xue, Public participation in environmental impact assessment for public projects: A case of non-participation, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 57 (2014) 1422-1440.

Caniato, M., Vaccari, M., Visvanathan, C., & Zurbrügg, C. (2014). Using social network and stakeholder analysis to help evaluate infectious waste management: A step towards a holistic assessment. Waste Management, 34, 938-951.

CCCPC, SC, Several Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Further Enhansing the Administration of Urban Planning and Development, in: C.C.o.t.C.P.o.C.t.S. Council, (Ed), Beijing, 2016.

CD, The decision on major issues concerning comprehensively deepening reforms in brief, 2013, http://www.china.org.cn/china/third_plenary_session/2013-11/16/content_30620736.htm (accessed 2016.05 2016).

Chen, H., Jia, B., & Lau, S. (2008). Sustainable urban form for Chinese compact cities: Challenges of a rapid urbanized economy. Habitat International, 32, 28-40.

Cheung, C.-k., & Leung, K.-k. (2007). Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China. Social Indicators Research, 82, 411-432.

China Daily (CD). (2013). The decision on major issues concerning comprehensively deepening reforms in brief. In C. Daily (Ed.), (Vol. 2016).

Chongqing Statistic Bureau (CSB). (2016). Chongqing Statistical Bulletin for Economic and Social Development. In.

CLC, Urban Redevelopment: From Urban Squalor to Global City, in: C.f.L. Cities, (Ed), Singapore, 2016.

CMG, Suggestions on Promoting Renewal Projects of Old and Dilapidated Buildings Renewal Project in Main Districts Area, in: C.M. Government, (Ed), Chongqing, 2008.

CMPG, Implementation Suggesion of Chongqing Municipal People’s Government on Promoting Shanty Town Renewal in Main Urban Districts, in: C.M.P.s. Government, (Ed), Chongqing, 2013.

Colantonio, A., & Lane, G. (2007). Measuring social sustainability, Best Practice from Urban Renewal in the EU, 2007/01: EIBURS Working Paper Series. Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development (OISD)–International Land Markets Group.

Couch, C. (1990). Urban renewal: theory and practice. London: Macmillan Education Ltd.

Couch, C., & Dennemann, A. (2000). Urban regeneration and sustainable development in Britain: The example of the Liverpool Ropewalks Partnership. Cities, 17, 137-147.

CSB, Chongqing Statistical Bulletin for Economic and Social Development, 2017a, http://jtj.cq.gov.cn/html/tjsj/tjgb/.

CSB, Chongqing Statistical Yearbook, 2017b, http://www.cqtj.gov.cn/tjnj/2017/zk/indexce.htm.

CSUS, Development Report of Urban Renewal in China, Beijing, 2019.

D. Adams, E.M. Hastings, Urban renewal in Hong Kong: transition from development corporation to renewal authority, Land Use Policy 18 (2001) 245–258.

D. Garrick, L. McCann, D.J. Pannell, Transaction costs and environmental policy: Taking stock, looking forward, Ecological Economics (2013) 182-184.

D. Greenwood, P. Newman, Markets, large projects and sustainable development: traditional and new planning in the Thames Gateway, Urban Studies 47 (2010) 105-119.

D.C. Brabham, Motivations for participation in a crowdsourcing application to improve public engagement in transit planning, Journal of Applied Communication Research 40 (2012) 307-328.

D.C. North, A transaction cost theory of politics, Journal of theoretical politics 2 (1990) 355-367.

D.C.W. Ho, Y. Yau, S.W. Poon, E. Liusman, Achieving sustainable urban renewal in Hong Kong: Strategy for dilapidation assessment of high rises, Journal of Urban Planning and Development 138 (2011) 153-165.

D.V. Hunt, D.R. Lombardi, C.D. Rogers, I. Jefferson, Application of sustainability indicators in decision-making processes for urban regeneration projects, PROCEEDINGS-INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS ENGINEERING SUSTAINABILITY, Vol. 161, 2008, 77.

DB, Urban Renewal Strategy, Hong Kong, 2011.

De Bruijn, H., & Ten Heuvelhof, E. (2010). Process management: why project management fails in complex decision making processes: Springer Science & Business Media.

De Nooy, W. (2003). Fields and networks: correspondence analysis and social network analysis in the framework of field theory. Poetics, 31, 305-327.

DeLeon, P., & Varda, D. M. (2009). Toward a theory of collaborative policy networks: Identifying structural tendencies. Policy Studies Journal, 37, 59-74.

Dempsey, N., Bramley, G., Power, S., & Brown, C. (2011). The social dimension of sustainable development: Defining urban social sustainability. Sustainable development, 19, 289-300.

Dodson, J. (2006). The “roll” of the state: government, neoliberalism and housing assistance in four advanced economies. Housing, Theory and Society, 23, 224-243.

DSD, Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Renewal Strategy, in: D.o.S. Development, (Ed), Belfast, 2014.

E. Buitelaar, A transaction-cost analysis of the land development process, Urban Studies 41 (2004) 2539-2553.

E. Chan, G.K. Lee, Critical factors for improving social sustainability of urban renewal projects, Social Indicators Research 85 (2008a) 243-256.

E. Hastings, D. Adams, Facilitating urban renewal: Changing institutional arrangements and land assembly in Hong Kong, Property Management 23 (2005) 110-121.

E. Mettepenningen, G. Van Huylenbroeck, Factors influencing private transaction costs related to agri-environmental schemes in Europe, Multifunctional rural land management: economics and policies (2009) 145-168.

E.C. Hui, J.T. Wong, J.K. Wan, A review of the effectiveness of urban renewal in Hong Kong, Property Management 26 (2008) 25-42.
E.H. Chan, G.K. Lee, Contribution of urban design to economic sustainability of urban renewal projects in Hong Kong, Sustainable Development 16 (2008b) 353-364.

E.H. Chan, G.K. Lee, Design considerations for environmental sustainability in high density development: a case study of Hong Kong, Environment, development and sustainability 11 (2009) 359-374.

E.H. Yung, E.H. Chan, Problem issues of public participation in built-heritage conservation: Two controversial cases in Hong Kong, Habitat International 35 (2011) 457-466.

E.H.K. Yung, E.H.W. Chan, Y. Xu, Sustainable development and the rehabilitation of a historic urban district–Social sustainability in the case of Tianzifang in Shanghai, Sustainable Development 22 (2014) 95-112.

E.H.K. Yung, E.H.W. Chan, Y. Xu, Sustainable development and the rehabilitation of a historic urban district–Social sustainability in the case of Tianzifang in Shanghai, Sustainable Development 22 (2014) 95-112.

E.M. Sigsworth, R. Wilkinson, Rebuilding or renovation?, 1967.

E.R. Alexander, A transaction-cost theory of land use planning and development control: towards the institutional analysis of public planning, Town planning review 72 (2001) 45-76.

Elias, A. A., Cavana, R. Y., & Jackson, L. S. (2002). Stakeholder analysis for R&D project management. R&D Management, 32, 301-310.

Enserink, B., & Koppenjan, J. (2007). Public participation in China: sustainable urbanization and governance. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 18, 459-474.

F. Wassenberg, Towards sustainable urban renewal in the Netherlands, Open house international, 35 (2), 2010 (2010).

F. Wu, Residential relocation under market-oriented redevelopment: the process and outcomes in urban China, Geoforum 35 (2004) 453-470.

Freeman, L. (2004). The development of social network analysis. A Study in the Sociology of Science.

Freeman, R. E. (2010). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach: Cambridge University Press.

G. Bramley, S. Power, Urban form and social sustainability: the role of density and housing type, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 36 (2009) 30-48.

G. Liu, K. Xu, M. Zhang, T. Zhou, A study on the life-span of demolished buildings: based on the investigation of demolished buildings in Chongqing, Urban Studies 19 (2012) 109-112.

G. Liu, S. Zheng, P. Xu, T. Zhuang, An ANP-SWOT approach for ESCOs industry strategies in Chinese building sectors, Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 93 (2018) 90-99.

G. Liu, Z. Yi, X. Zhang, A. Shrestha, I. Martek, L. Wei, An evaluation of urban renewal policies of Shenzhen, China, Sustainability 9 (2017) 1001.

G. Norman, Likert scales, levels of measurement and the “laws” of statistics, Advances in health sciences education 15 (2010) 625-632.

G.K. Lee, E.H. Chan, The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach for assessment of urban renewal proposals, Social Indicators Research 89 (2008) 155-168.

Garcia, B. (2004). Cultural policy and urban regeneration in Western European cities: lessons from experience, prospects for the future. Local economy, 19, 312-326.

Grimble, R., & Wellard, K. (1997). Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management: a review of principles, contexts, experiences and opportunities. Agricultural systems, 55, 173-193.

H. Chen, B. Jia, S. Lau, Sustainable urban form for Chinese compact cities: Challenges of a rapid urbanized economy, Habitat International 32 (2008) 28-40.

H. Sanoff, Multiple views of participatory design, International Journal of Architectural Research 2 (2008) 57-69.

H. Wallbaum, S. Krank, R. Teloh, Prioritizing sustainability criteria in urban planning processes: Methodology application, Journal of urban planning and development 137 (2010) 20-28.

H. Wang, Q. Shen, B.-s. Tang, C. Lu, Y. Peng, L. Tang, A framework of decision-making factors and supporting information for facilitating sustainable site planning in urban renewal projects, Cities 40 (2014) 44-55.

H. Zhu, Study on Legal Issues of Urban Renewal, Jinan Journal (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 201 (2015) 69-76.

H.A. Simon, The New Science of Management Decision, New Jersey, 1960.

H.W. Zheng, G.Q. Shen, H. Wang, A review of recent studies on sustainable urban renewal, Habitat International 41 (2014) 272-279.

Haffner, M., & Elsinga, M. (2009). Deadlocks and breakthroughs in urban renewal: a network analysis in Amsterdam. Journal of housing and the built environment, 24, 147-165.

He, S., & Wu, F. (2005). Property‐led redevelopment in post‐reform China: a case study of Xintiandi redevelopment project in Shanghai. Journal of Urban Affairs, 27, 1-23.

Hemphill, L., Berry, J., & McGreal, S. (2004). An indicator-based approach to measuring sustainable urban regeneration performance: part 1, conceptual foundations and methodological framework. Urban Studies, 41, 725-755.

Hin, L. L., & Xin, L. (2011). Redevelopment of urban villages in Shenzhen, China–An analysis of power relations and urban coalitions. Habitat International, 35, 426-434.

Hui, E. C., Wong, J. T., & Wan, J. K. (2008). A review of the effectiveness of urban renewal in Hong Kong. Property Management, 26, 25-42.

Huxham, C., Vangen, S., Huxham, C., & Eden, C. (2000). The challenge of collaborative governance. Public Management an International Journal of Research and Theory, 2, 337-358.

I.S. Mayer, E.M. van Bueren, P.W. Bots, H. van der Voort, R. Seijdel, Collaborative decisionmaking for sustainable urban renewal projects: a simulation–gaming approach, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 32 (2005) 403-423.
J. Ananda, Implementing participatory decision making in forest planning, Environmental Management 39 (2007) 534.

J. Dodson, The “roll” of the state: government, neoliberalism and housing assistance in four advanced economies, Housing, Theory and Society 23 (2006) 224-243.

J. Harris, L. Croot, J. Thompson, J. Springett, How stakeholder participation can contribute to systematic reviews of complex interventions, J Epidemiol Community Health 70 (2016) 207-214.

J. Hörisch, R.E. Freeman, S. Schaltegger, Applying stakeholder theory in sustainability management: Links, similarities, dissimilarities, and a conceptual framework, Organization & Environment 27 (2014) 328-346.

J. Jiang, S. Jia, Y. Yu, On Management of Urban Renewal, Theory Hereld 16 (2009) 56-62.

J. Jiang, X. Zhang, L. Song, Urban Renewal and Practice in China, Shandong, 2012.

J. Li, J. Deng, K. Wang, J. Li, T. Huang, Y. Lin, H. Yu, Spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in a developed region of eastern coastal China, Sustainability 6 (2014) 4042-4058.

J. Ouyang, J. Ge, K. Hokao, Economic analysis of energy-saving renovation measures for urban existing residential buildings in China based on thermal simulation and site investigation, Energy Policy 37 (2009) 140-149.

J. Pendlebury, T. Townshend, R. Gilroy, The conservation of English cultural built heritage: a force for social inclusion?, International Journal of Heritage Studies 10 (2004) 11-31.

J. Petts, B. Leach, Evaluating methods for public participation: literature review, 2000.

J. Rothenberg, Economic evaluation of urban renewal; conceptual foundation of benefit-cost analysis, Washington, DC, 1967.

J. Suo, D. Wu, D. Tian, Study on Sustainable Renovation of Urban Existing Housing in China, Beijing, 2015.

J. Tang, Analysis of the Pros and Cons of Urban Renewal Governance: the Comparison of Urban Renewal Institution of Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Foshan, Planners 5 (2015) 46-53.

J.-K. Seo, Re-urbanisation in regenerated areas of Manchester and Glasgow: new residents and the problems of sustainability, Cities 19 (2002) 113-121.

J.C. Greene, Stakeholder participation in evaluation design: Is it worth the effort?, Evaluation and program planning 10 (1987) 379-394.

J.G. March, J.P. Olsen, Garbage can models of decision making in organizations, Ambiguity and command (1986) 11-35.

J.R. Cohen, Abandoned housing: Exploring lessons from Baltimore, (2001).

J.W. Forrester, Urban dynamics, 1969.

Juan, Y.-K., Roper, K. O., Castro-Lacouture, D., & Ha Kim, J. (2010). Optimal decision making on urban renewal projects. Management decision, 48, 207-224.

K. Aaltonen, Project stakeholder analysis as an environmental interpretation process, International Journal of Project Management 29 (2011) 165-183.

K. Arrow, The analysis and evaluation of public expenditure: the PPB system, Government Printing Office, Washington DC (1969).

K. Fan, E.H. Chan, Q.K. Qian, Transaction costs (TCs) in green building (GB) incentive schemes: Gross Floor Area (GFA) Concession Scheme in Hong Kong, Energy Policy 119 (2018) 563-573.

K. Prager, U.J. Nagel, Participatory decision making on agri-environmental programmes: a case study from Sachsen-Anhalt (Germany), Land Use Policy 25 (2008) 106-115.

K. Whitney, Improving group task performance: The role of group goals and group efficacy, Human performance 7 (1994) 55-78.

K. Xu, Study on Converting Old Buildings based on Sustainable Theory Chongqing University, 2010.

K. Yang, Study on the Establishment of an Effective Mechanism for the Urban Renewal Shandong University, 2007.

K. Yang, Study on the Establishment of an Effective Mechanism for the Urban Renewal Shandong University, 2007.

K.J. Ruming, Developer typologies in urban renewal in Sydney: recognising the role of informal associations between developers and local government, Urban policy and research 28 (2010) 65-83.

K.S. Korfmacher, The politics of participation in watershed modeling, Environmental Management 27 (2001) 161-176.

Kaza, N. (2006). Tyranny of the median and costly consent: A reflection on the justification for participatory urban planning processes. Planning Theory, 5, 255-270.

L. Bobbio, Designing effective public participation, Policy and Society 38 (2019) 41-57.

L. Hemphill, J. Berry, S. McGreal, An indicator-based approach to measuring sustainable urban regeneration performance: part 1, conceptual foundations and methodological framework, Urban Studies 41 (2004a) 725-755.

L. Hemphill, S. McGreal, J. Berry, An indicator-based approach to measuring sustainable urban regeneration performance: Part 2, empirical evaluation and case-study analysis, Urban Studies 41 (2004b) 757-772.

L. Itard, G. Klunder, Comparing environmental impacts of renovated housing stock with new construction, Building Research & Information 35 (2007) 252-267.

L. McCann, Transaction costs and environmental policy design, Ecological Economics 88 (2013) 253-262.

L. Mundaca T, M. Mansoz, L. Neij, G.R. Timilsina, Transaction costs analysis of low-carbon technologies, Climate Policy 13 (2013) 490-513.

L. Shen, H. Yuan, X. Kong, Paradoxical phenomenon in urban renewal practices: promotion of sustainable construction versus buildings’ short lifespan, International Journal of Strategic Property Management 17 (2013) 377-389.

L. Tian, Analysis of Urban Renewal Policy-Making Mechanismin in China Shandong University, 2009.

L. Ye, Z. Cheng, Q. Wang, H. Lin, C. Lin, B. Liu, Developments of green building standards in China, Renewable Energy 73 (2015) 115-122.

L.-s. Ho, Public policy and the public interest, 2013.

L.A. Bebchuk, M.J. Roe, A theory of path dependence in corporate ownership and governance, Stan L Rev 52 (1999) 127.

L.L. Gore, The Communist Party-Dominated Governance Model of China: Legitimacy, Accountability, and Meritocracy, Polity 51 (2019) 161-194.

L.L. Hin, L. Xin, Redevelopment of urban villages in Shenzhen, China–An analysis of power relations and urban coalitions, Habitat International 35 (2011) 426-434.

L.L.W. Chung, The economics of land-use zoning: a literature review and analysis of the work of Coase, Town planning review 65 (1994) 77.

Law, C., Chan, J. C., Chui, E. W., Wong, Y., Lee, C., & Chau, F. (2009). Study Report-Urban Renewal Policies in Asian Cities for the Urban Renewal Strategy Review. In: Development Bureau, HKSAR Government.

Lee, G. K., & Chan, E. H. (2008). A sustainability evaluation of government-led urban renewal projects. Facilities, 26, 526-541.

Lee, J., & Kim, S. (2011). Exploring the role of social networks in affective organizational commitment: Network centrality, strength of ties, and structural holes. The American Review of Public Administration, 41, 205-223.

Lelévrier, C. (2013). Social mix neighbourhood policies and social interaction: The experience of newcomers in three new renewal developments in France. Cities, 35, 409-416.

Li, T. H., Ng, S. T., & Skitmore, M. (2012a). Conflict or consensus: An investigation of stakeholder concerns during the participation process of major infrastructure and construction projects in Hong Kong. Habitat International, 36, 333-342.

Li, T. H., Ng, S. T., & Skitmore, M. (2012b). Public participation in infrastructure and construction projects in China: From an EIA-based to a whole-cycle process. Habitat International, 36, 47-56.

Li, W., Liu, J., & Li, D. (2012). Getting their voices heard: Three cases of public participation in environmental protection in China. Journal of Environmental Management, 98, 65-72.

Li, X., Kleinhans, R., & van Ham, M. (2017). Shantytown redevelopment projects: State-led redevelopment of declining neighbourhoods under market transition in Shenyang, China. Cities.

Liao, Y. (2013). A Study of Urban Regeneration Based on Multi-stakeholder Partnership Governance Chongqing University, Chongqing.

Lienert, J., Schnetzer, F., & Ingold, K. (2013). Stakeholder analysis combined with social network analysis provides fine-grained insights into water infrastructure planning processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 125, 134-148.

Liu, G., Xu, K., Zhang, M., & Zhou, T. (2012). A study on the life-span of demolished buildings: based on the investigation of demolished buildings in Chongqing. Urban Studies, 19, 109-112.

Liu, Y. (2006). Research on the Inhabitant Aspiration in the Residential District Renewal - A Case of “Pinggaipo” Synthesis Renewal for Old Residential District in Shanghai. Tongji University, Shanghai.

Lucio, J., & De la Cruz, E. R. (2012). Affordable housing networks: a case study in the Phoenix metropolitan region. Housing Policy Debate, 22, 219-240.

M. Brüggemann, Information policy and the public sphere: EU communications and the promises of dialogue and transparency, Javnost-the public 17 (2010) 5-21.

M. Caniato, M. Vaccari, C. Visvanathan, C. Zurbrügg, Using social network and stakeholder analysis to help evaluate infectious waste management: A step towards a holistic assessment, Waste Management 34 (2014) 938-951.

M. Dezvoltării, L.P. și Locuințelor, Ghid informativ privind regenerarea urbană–principii și practici europene, 2007.

M. Elsinga, M. Haffner, H. Van Der Heijden, M. Oxley, How can competition in social rental housing in England and the Netherlands be measured?, European Journal of Housing Policy 9 (2009) 153-176.

M. Haffner, M. Elsinga, Deadlocks and breakthroughs in urban renewal: a network analysis in Amsterdam, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 24 (2009) 147-165.

M. Hamza, Applying analytic network process for priorities training courses, National Cheng Kung University (2006).

M. Hu, Q. Wu, Q. Yan, L. Zhai, S. Zhang, B. Wei, Analysis of the Problems of Resourses, Energy and Environment Caused by the Short-lived Buildings, Construction Conserves Energy 36 (2008) 70-74.

M. Munasinghe, Environmental economics and sustainable development, 1993.

M. Polèse, R.E. Stren, The social sustainability of cities: Diversity and the management of change, 2000.

M. Redclift, Sustainable development (1987–2005): an oxymoron comes of age, Sustainable development 13 (2005) 212-227.

M.E. Levine, J.L. Forrence, Regulatory capture, public interest, and the public agenda: Toward a synthesis, Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization 6 (1990) 167-198.

M.K. Ng, Quality of life perceptions and directions for urban regeneration in Hong Kong, Quality-of-Life Research in Chinese, Western and Global Contexts, 2005, 441-465.

M.M. Conroy, P.R. Berke, What makes a good sustainable development plan? An analysis of factors that influence principles of sustainable development, Environment and planning A 36 (2004) 1381-1396.

M.M. Li, H.J. Brown, Micro-neighborhood externalities and hedonic housing prices, Land economics 56 (1980) 125-141.

Maginn, P. J. (2007). Towards more effective community participation in urban regeneration: the potential of collaborative planning and applied ethnography. Qualitative research, 7, 25-43.

Mayer, I. S., van Bueren, E. M., Bots, P. W., van der Voort, H., & Seijdel, R. (2005). Collaborative decisionmaking for sustainable urban renewal projects: a simulation–gaming approach. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 32, 403-423.

MLR, Guidance on further promoting the redevelopment of urban low-efficiency land (trail), in: M.o.L.a. Resources, (Ed), Beijing, 2016.

Mushove, P., & Vogel, C. (2005). Heads or tails? Stakeholder analysis as a tool for conservation area management. Global environmental change, 15, 184-198.

N. Dempsey, G. Bramley, S. Power, C. Brown, The social dimension of sustainable development: Defining urban social sustainability, Sustainable development 19 (2011) 289-300.

N. Kartam, N. Al-Mutairi, I. Al-Ghusain, J. Al-Humoud, Environmental management of construction and demolition waste in Kuwait, Waste Management 24 (2004) 1049-1059.

N. Kaza, Tyranny of the median and costly consent: A reflection on the justification for participatory urban planning processes, Planning Theory 5 (2006) 255-270.

N. Kohler, U. Hassler, The building stock as a research object, Building Research & Information 30 (2002) 226-236.

N.Z. Abidin, Investigating the awareness and application of sustainable construction concept by Malaysian developers, Habitat International 34 (2010) 421-426.

NBS, China Statistical Yearbook, Beijing, 2019.

NBS, China Statistical Yearbook, Beijing, 2016.

O. Renn, T. Webler, H. Rakel, P. Dienel, B. Johnson, Public participation in decision making: A three-step procedure, Policy Sciences 26 (1993) 189-214.

O.E. Williamson, Comparative economic organization: The analysis of discrete structural alternatives, Administrative science quarterly (1991) 269-296.

O.E. Williamson, The economic institutions of capitalism. New York: Free Press, (1985).

Otte, E., & Rousseau, R. (2002). Social network analysis: a powerful strategy, also for the information sciences. Journal of Information Science, 28, 441-453.

P. Aragonés-Beltrán, F. Chaparro-González, J. Pastor-Ferrando, F. Rodríguez-Pozo, An ANP-based approach for the selection of photovoltaic solar power plant investment projects, Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 14 (2010) 249-264.

P. Aragonés-Beltrán, M. García-Melón, J. Montesinos-Valera, How to assess stakeholders' influence in project management? A proposal based on the Analytic Network Process, International Journal of Project Management 35 (2017) 451-462.

P. Roberts, H. Sykes, Urban regeneration: a handbook, 1999.

P. Xu, E.H. Chan, H.J. Visscher, X. Zhang, Z. Wu, Sustainable building energy efficiency retrofit for hotel buildings using EPC mechanism in China: analytic Network Process (ANP) approach, Journal of Cleaner Production 107 (2015) 378-388.

P.A. Bullen, P.E. Love, The rhetoric of adaptive reuse or reality of demolition: Views from the field, Cities 27 (2010) 215-224.

P.J. Maginn, Towards more effective community participation in urban regeneration: the potential of collaborative planning and applied ethnography, Qualitative research 7 (2007) 25-43.

P.T. Jaeger, J.C. Bertot, Transparency and technological change: Ensuring equal and sustained public access to government information, Government Information Quarterly 27 (2010) 371-376.

Patton, M. Q. (2008). Utilization-focused evaluation: Sage publications.

Pendlebury, J., Townshend, T., & Gilroy, R. (2004). The conservation of English cultural built heritage: a force for social inclusion? International Journal of Heritage Studies, 10, 11-31.

Petts, J., & Leach, B. (2000). Evaluating methods for public participation: literature review: Environment Agency Bristol.

Prell, C., Hubacek, K., & Reed, M. (2009). Stakeholder analysis and social network analysis in natural resource management. Society and Natural Resources, 22, 501-518.

Q. Zhang, C. Zeng, Interest: the drive of short-lived buildings, 2016, http://zqb.cyol.com/html/2016-01/07/nw.D110000zgqnb_20160107_1-05.htm2016).

Q.K. Qian, E.H. Chan, H. Visscher, S. Lehmann, Modeling the green building (GB) investment decisions of developers and end-users with transaction costs (TCs) considerations, Journal of Cleaner Production 109 (2015) 315-325.

Q.K. Qian, E.H. Chan, L.H. Choy, Real estate developers' concerns about uncertainty in building energy efficiency (BEE) investment—a transaction costs (TCS) perspective, Journal of Green Building 7 (2012) 116-129.

Q.K. Qian, Government’s roles and measures needed in China for promoting building energy efficiency (BEE), International Journal of Construction Management 10 (2010) 119-138.

Qian, Y. (2009). Policy and practice of urban neighbourhood renewal and regeneration: what can China learn from British experiences? , Heriot-Watt University.

R. Ball, Developers, regeneration and sustainability issues in the reuse of vacant industrial buildings, Building Research & Information 27 (1999) 140-148.

R. Brugha, Z. Varvasovszky, Stakeholder analysis: a review, Health policy and planning 15 (2000) 239-246.

R. Ciegis, J. Ramanauskiene, B. Martinkus, The concept of sustainable development and its use for sustainability scenarios, Engineering Economics 62 (2009) 28-37.

R. Liu, J.-x. Yu, H.-c. Sun, P. TIAN, Introduction to the ANP super decisions software and its application, Systems Engineering-theory & Practice 8 (2003) 024.

R. Maitland, How can we manage the tourist-historic city? Tourism strategy in Cambridge, UK, 1978–2003, Tourism management 27 (2006) 1262-1273.

R. Phillips, R.E. Freeman, A.C. Wicks, What stakeholder theory is not, Business ethics quarterly 13 (2003) 479-502.

R. Verhage, Renewing urban renewal in France, the UK and the Netherlands: Introduction, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 20 (2005) 215-227.

R. Weber, M. Doussard, S.D. Bhatta, D. Mcgrath, Tearing the city down: Understanding demolition activity in gentrifying neighborhoods, Journal of Urban Affairs 28 (2006) 19-41.

R.C. Chan, Towards strategic planning and regional sustainability: Hong Kong in the Pearl River delta region, Sustainable Development 10 (2002) 122-130.

R.C. Snyder, H.W. Bruck, B. Sapin, V.M. Hudson, D.H. Chollet, J.M. Goldgeier, Foreign policy decision making, 2002.

R.D. Bromley, A.R. Tallon, C.J. Thomas, City centre regeneration through residential development: Contributing to sustainability, Urban Studies 42 (2005) 2407-2429.

R.E. Freeman, J.S. Harrison, A.C. Wicks, B.L. Parmar, S. De Colle, Stakeholder theory: The state of the art, 2010.

R.E. Freeman, Strategic management: A stakeholder approach, 2010.

R.J. Yang, An investigation of stakeholder analysis in urban development projects: Empirical or rationalistic perspectives, International Journal of Project Management 32 (2014) 838-849.

R.L. Purvis, T.J. Zagenczyk, G.E. McCray, What's in it for me? Using expectancy theory and climate to explain stakeholder participation, its direction and intensity, International Journal of Project Management 33 (2015) 3-14.

R.L. Stivers, The sustainable society: ethics and economic growth, 1976.

R.L.H. Chiu, Social sustainability, sustainable development and housing development: the expereince of Hong Kong, USA, 2003.

R.M. Northam, Urban geography, 1979.

R.P. Abelson, A. Levi, Decision making and decision theory, Handbook of social psychology 1 (1985) 231-309.

Ramalingam, B. (2006). Tools for knowledge and learning: A guide for development and humanitarian organizations: Overseas Development Institute London.

Reed, M. S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C. H., & Stringer, L. C. (2009). Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1933-1949.

Rongerude, J. M., & Christianson, E. (2014). Network Analysis of Affordable Housing Organizations in Polk County.

S. Bell, S. Morse, R.A. Shah, Understanding stakeholder participation in research as part of sustainable development, Journal of Environmental Management 101 (2012) 13-22.

S. Brownill, J. Carpenter, Governance andIntegrated’Planning: The Case of Sustainable Communities in the Thames Gateway, England, Urban Studies 46 (2009) 251-274.

S. Gruneberg, Performance‐Based Contracting: an alternative approach to transacting in construction, Construction Management and Economics 25 (2007) 111-112.

S. He, F. Wu, Property‐led redevelopment in post‐reform China: a case study of Xintiandi redevelopment project in Shanghai, Journal of Urban Affairs 27 (2005) 1-23.
S. Jharkharia, R. Shankar, Selection of logistics service provider: An analytic network process (ANP) approach, Omega 35 (2007) 274-289.

S. Ren, The Conflicts of Interests and Plan Coordination in Urban Renewal Modern Urban Research 1 (2011) 12-16.

S. Shahab, J.P. Clinch, E. O’Neill, Accounting for transaction costs in planning policy evaluation, Land Use Policy 70 (2018) 263-272.

S. Vallance, H.C. Perkins, J.E. Dixon, What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts, Geoforum 42 (2011) 342-348.

S. Woodcraft, T. Hackett, L. Caistor-Arendar, Design for social sustainability: A framework for creating thriving new communities, 2011.

S.-H. Chung, A.H. Lee, W.-L. Pearn, Analytic network process (ANP) approach for product mix planning in semiconductor fabricator, International journal of production economics 96 (2005) 15-36.

S.-S. Kim, I.-H. Yang, M.-S. Yeo, K.-W. Kim, Development of a housing performance evaluation model for multi-family residential buildings in Korea, Building and environment 40 (2005) 1103-1116.

S.N. Cheung, Economic organization and transaction costs, Allocation, Information and Markets, 1989, 77-82.

S.P. Borgatti, M.G. Everett, L.C. Freeman, Ucinet for Windows: Software for social network analysis, (2002).

S.R. Arnstein, A ladder of citizen participation, Journal of the American Institute of planners 35 (1969) 216-224.

S.R. Porter, M.E. Whitcomb, The impact of contact type on web survey response rates, The Public Opinion Quarterly 67 (2003) 579-588.

Sandström, A., & Carlsson, L. (2008). The performance of policy networks: the relation between network structure and network performance. Policy Studies Journal, 36, 497-524.

SC, Opinions of the State Council on accelerating renewal in shanty areas, in: S. Council, (Ed), Beijing, 2013.

Schmeer, K. (1999). Guidelines for conducting a stakeholder analysis: PHR, Abt Associates.

Scholes, K. (1998). Stakeholders mapping: a practical tool for managers. Exploring techniques for analysis and evaluation of strategic management. London: Prentice Hall Europe.

Scott, J. (2017). Social network analysis: Sage.

Shen, L., Yuan, H., & Kong, X. (2013). Paradoxical phenomenon in urban renewal practices: promotion of sustainable construction versus buildings’ short lifespan. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 17, 377-389.

Skaburskis, A. (2008). The origin of “wicked problems”. Planning Theory & Practice, 9, 277-280.

SMPG, Notice of the General Office of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government on Issuing Shanghai Urban Renewal Implementation Procedures, in: S.M.P.s. Government, (Ed), Shanghai, 2015.

SPG, Decision of Shenzhen Municipal People’s Government on Revising Shenzhen Urban Renewal Procedures, in: S.P.s. Government, (Ed), Shenzhen, 2016.

Stone, D. (2008). Global public policy, transnational policy communities, and their networks. Policy Studies Journal, 36, 19-38.

Suo, J., Wu, D., & Tian, D. (2015). Study on Sustainable Renovation of Urban Existing Housing in China. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press.

T. Brady, A. Davies, D. Gann, Can integrated solutions business models work in construction?, Building Research & Information 33 (2005) 571-579.

T. Shi, J. Ha, C. Li, Transformation and Renewal of Old Urban Area, Dalian, 2015.

T. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of urban regeneration decision-making based on entropy weight method: Case study of yuzhong peninsula, China, Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems 29 (2015) 2661-2668.

T. Zhou, Y. Zhou, G. Liu, Key Variables for Decision-Making on Urban Renewal in China: A Case Study of Chongqing, Sustainability 9 (2017) 370.

T. Zhuang, Q.K. Qian, H.J. Visscher, M.G. Elsinga, An Analysis of Urban Renewal Decision-Making in China in the Perspective of Transaction Costs Theory: The Case of Chongqing, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (2020) 1-23.

T. Zhuang, Q.K. Qian, H.J. Visscher, M.G. Elsinga, Stakeholders’ Expectations in Urban Renewal Projects in China: A Key Step towards Sustainability, Sustainability 9 (2017) 1640.

T. Zhuang, Q.K. Qian, H.J. Visscher, M.G. Elsinga, W. Wu, The role of stakeholders and their participation network in decision-making of urban renewal in China: The case of Chongqing, Cities 92 (2019) 47-58.

T.A. Pugh, A.R. MacKenzie, G. Davies, J.D. Whyatt, M. Barnes, C.N. Hewitt, A futures-based analysis for urban air quality remediation, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Engineering Sustainability, Vol. 165, 2012, 21-36.

T.H. Jung, J. Lee, M.H. Yap, E.M. Ineson, The role of stakeholder collaboration in culture-led urban regeneration: A case study of the Gwangju project, Korea, Cities 44 (2015) 29-39.

T.H. Li, S.T. Ng, M. Skitmore, Conflict or consensus: An investigation of stakeholder concerns during the participation process of major infrastructure and construction projects in Hong Kong, Habitat International 36 (2012a) 333-342.

T.H. Li, S.T. Ng, M. Skitmore, Public participation in infrastructure and construction projects in China: From an EIA-based to a whole-cycle process, Habitat International 36 (2012b) 47-56.

T.L. Saaty, Analytic heirarchy process, Wiley statsRef: Statistics reference online (2014).

T.L. Saaty, Decision making with dependence and feedback: The analytic network process, 1996.

Tang, B.-s., Wong, S.-w., & Lau, M. C.-h. (2008). Social impact assessment and public participation in China: A case study of land requisition in Guangzhou. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 28, 57-72.

V. Chankong, Y.Y. Haimes, Multiobjective decision making: theory and methodology, 2008.

V. Luyet, R. Schlaepfer, M.B. Parlange, A. Buttler, A framework to implement stakeholder participation in environmental projects, Journal of Environmental Management 111 (2012) 213-219.

Vallance, S., Perkins, H. C., & Dixon, J. E. (2011). What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts. Geoforum, 42, 342-348.

Vance‐Borland, K., & Holley, J. (2011). Conservation stakeholder network mapping, analysis, and weaving. Conservation Letters, 4, 278-288.

W. Li, J. Liu, D. Li, Getting their voices heard: Three cases of public participation in environmental protection in China, Journal of Environmental Management 98 (2012b) 65-72.

W. Ma, Q. Zhang, Space-Time-Degree: Study on Basic Question about Urban Regeneration, Urban Studies 13 (2006) 46-52.

W. Yue, Y. Liu, P. Fan, Measuring urban sprawl and its drivers in large Chinese cities: The case of Hangzhou, Land Use Policy 31 (2013) 358-370.

W.E. Pritchett, The" Public Menace" of Blight: Urban Renewal and the Private Uses of Eminent Domain, Yale Law & Policy Review 21 (2003) 1-52.

W.J. Collins, K.L. Shester, Slum clearance and urban renewal in the United States, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 5 (2013) 239-273.

Wang, H., Shen, Q., Tang, B.-s., Lu, C., Peng, Y., & Tang, L. (2014). A framework of decision-making factors and supporting information for facilitating sustainable site planning in urban renewal projects. Cities, 40, 44-55.

Wasserman, S., & Faust, K. (1994). Social network analysis: Methods and applications (Vol. 8): Cambridge university press.

Wey, T., Blumstein, D. T., Shen, W., & Jordán, F. (2008). Social network analysis of animal behaviour: a promising tool for the study of sociality. Animal behaviour, 75, 333-344.

X. Li, R. Kleinhans, M. van Ham, Shantytown redevelopment projects: State-led redevelopment of declining neighbourhoods under market transition in Shenyang, China, Cities 73 (2018) 106-116.

X. Liu, X. Sun, X. Luo, A Study on Residual Service Life Techno-economic Prediction of Urban Residential Buildings, Journal of Xi'an University of Architecture & Technology (Natural Science Edition) 47 (2015) 21-25.

X.-R. Wang, E.C.-M. Hui, C. Choguill, S.-H. Jia, The new urbanization policy in China: Which way forward?, Habitat International 47 (2015) 279-284.

Y. Baruch, B.C. Holtom, Survey response rate levels and trends in organizational research, Human relations 61 (2008) 1139-1160.

Y. He, Z. Tian, Government-oriented corporate public relation strategies in transitional China, Management and Organization Review 4 (2008) 367-391.

Y. Lai, B. Tang, Institutional barriers to redevelopment of urban villages in China: A transaction cost perspective, Land Use Policy 58 (2016) 482-490.

Y. Liao, A Study of Urban Regeneration Based on Multi-stakeholder Partnership Governance Chongqing University, 2013.

Y. Liu, Research on the Inhabitant Aspiration in the Residential District Renewal - A Case of “Pinggaipo” Synthesis Renewal for Old Residential District in Shanghai Tongji University, 2006.

Y. Qian, Policy and practice of urban neighbourhood renewal and regeneration: what can China learn from British experiences? Heriot-Watt University, 2009.

Y. Wang, Study on House Owners' Willingness of Accepting House Expropriation in Urban Renewal - From the Perspective of Behavioral Economics Huazhong University of Science & Technology, 2013.

Y. Xiong, Typlogy Study of Multi-Family Residential in Urban China: the Case of Multi-Family Residential Type in Beijing Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2010.

Y. Zhang, K. Fang, Is history repeating itself? From urban renewal in the United States to inner-city redevelopment in China, Journal of Planning Education and Research 23 (2004) 286-298.

Y. Zhu, Research on Renewal of Historical Residential Areas Chang’an University, 2009.

Y.-K. Juan, K.O. Roper, D. Castro-Lacouture, J. Ha Kim, Optimal decision making on urban renewal projects, Management decision 48 (2010) 207-224.

Y.-K. Juan, P. Gao, J. Wang, A hybrid decision support system for sustainable office building renovation and energy performance improvement, Energy and buildings 42 (2010a) 290-297.

Y.S. Yau, H.L. Chan, To rehabilitate or redevelop? A study of the decision criteria for urban regeneration projects, Journal of Place Management and Development 1 (2008) 272-291.
Yi, Z., Liu, G., Lang, W., Shrestha, A., & Martek, I. (2017). Strategic Approaches to Sustainable Urban Renewal in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China. Sustainability, 9, 1460.

Z. Yi, Evaluation of Urban Renewal Benefits based on the Collaborative Governance: A case study of Shenzhen Chongqing University, 2018.
Z. Yi, G. Liu, W. Lang, A. Shrestha, I. Martek, Strategic Approaches to Sustainable Urban Renewal in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China, Sustainability 9 (2017) 1460.

Z.J. Acs, L. Szerb, Entrepreneurship, economic growth and public policy, Small business economics 28 (2007) 109-122.

Zhang, Q., & Zeng, C. (2016). Interest: the drive of short-lived buildings. In (Vol. 2016): China Youth Daily.

Zhang, Y., & Fang, K. (2004). Is history repeating itself? From urban renewal in the United States to inner-city redevelopment in China. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23, 286-298.

Zheng, H. W., Shen, G. Q., & Wang, H. (2014). A review of recent studies on sustainable urban renewal. Habitat International, 41, 272-279.

Zhou, T., Zhou, Y., & Liu, G. (2017). Key Variables for Decision-Making on Urban Renewal in China: A Case Study of Chongqing. Sustainability, 9, 370.

Zhuang, T., Qian, Q. K., Visscher, H. J., & Elsinga, M. G. (2017). Stakeholders’ Expectations in Urban Renewal Projects in China: A Key Step towards Sustainability. Sustainability, 9, 1640.

Author Biography

Taozhi Zhuang, TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Taozhi Zhuang was born in January, 1989 in Fujian Province, China. In 2012, he obtained his bachelor’s degree in construction management at Chongqing University, Chongqing, China. He then started his master study at the same university. During that time, he involved in several consulting projects of urban (re) development and found his special interests in urban renewal. In 2015, he received a scholarship from China Scholarship Council to support his PhD research at the Department of Management in the Built Environment (OTB department 2015-2019), Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands. In this PhD project, he has been working on the exploration of urban renewal decision-making in China. While preparing his PhD thesis, he has coauthored several journal articles.

How to Cite
ZHUANG, Taozhi. Urban Renewal Decision - Making in China. A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, [S.l.], n. 16, p. 1-202, sep. 2020. ISSN 2214-7233. Available at: <https://journals.open.tudelft.nl/abe/article/view/5247>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.7480/abe.2020.16.5247.
Published
2020-09-04