Beyond Community Inclusivity through Spatial Interventions


  • Asma Mehan
  • Krzysztof Nawratek
  • Farouq Tahar



This article argues against the concept of integration as the main mechanism allowing various sociocultural groups to live together and instead proposes ‘radical inclusivity’ as a better, less oppressive model of a pluralistic society. Through analytical and reflective research on the non-cohesion-based approach to integration or inclusion, this article is devoted to examining the affordances and limitations of integration through various forms of spatial interventions. As an example, we will discuss the Ellesmere Green Project in Sheffield (UK) as a typical small urban regeneration executed in a highly diverse part of Sheffield. This piece aims to bring forward the significance of moving beyond the community-as-cohesion model in urban politics and planning for integration. 

Author Biographies

Asma Mehan

Asma Mehan is an author, educator, researcher, and architectural historian. She is a Senior Researcher affiliated with the University of Porto (Portugal). Asma has studied, researched, and taught architecture and urban design in Europe, Asia, and Australia. She is the author of the book Kuala Lumpur: Community, Infrastructure, and Urban Inclusivity (with Marek Kozlowski and Krzysztof Nawratek, 2020). She taught at TU Delft, TU Munich, ZK/U Berlin Center for Art and Urbanistics, and Deakin University in Melbourne (Australia). Asma has also authored over fifty articles and essays in scholarly books and professional journals of multiple languages on critical urban studies, architecture, urban planning, housing, and heritage studies. She has participated in exhibitions and by carrying her practice beyond writing to visual media.

Krzysztof Nawratek

Krzysztof Nawratek, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer (associate professor) in Humanities and Architecture at the University of Sheffield, UK. He is an author of City as a Political Idea (2011), Holes in the Whole: Introduction to urban Revolutions (2012), Radical Inclusivity: Architecture and Urbanism (ed. 2015), Urban Re-Industrialisation (ed. 2017), Total Urban Mobilisation: Ernst Junger and Postcapitalist City (2018), Kuala Lumpur: Community, Infrastructure and Urban Inclusivity (with Asma Mehan and Marek Kozlowski, 2020) and several articles and papers.

Farouq Tahar

Farouq Tahar is a PhD candidate at Sheffield School of Architecture, interested in exploring the social role of architecture and the impact of the built environment on communities’ performance. He holds a Master of Arts in Architectural Design from Sheffield School of Architecture. Farouq worked in practice for several years in Algeria and has gained decent experience in academia when working in Saudi Arabia as a researcher/consultant for the Institute of Pilgrimage research at Um Al-Qura University. After years of studies and work experience, he launched his PhD research to investigate the Muslims’ participation in architecture and urban projects in Britain, and the impact of community cohesion and integration policies on their participation.


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How to Cite

Mehan, A., Nawratek, K., & Tahar, F. (2022). Beyond Community Inclusivity through Spatial Interventions. Writingplace, (6), 136–147.