Double curved concrete printing: printing on non-planar surfaces


  • Roel Schipper TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment
  • Chris Borg Costanzi TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment
  • Freek Bos Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Zeeshan Ahmed Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Rob Wolfs Eindhoven University of Technology



casting concrete, 3D concrete printing, Additive Manufacturing, adaptable mould


It is no secret that there have been some great advances in the realm of concrete additive manufacturing. However, one of the major drawbacks of this fabrication technique is that the elements must be self-supporting during printing. While most other additive manufacturing materials can overcome this by using a secondary printed support structure, alternative strategies have to be developed for materials such as concrete.

This 4TU project explores the possibilities of combining concrete additive manufacturing with a temporary support surface. By printing on a free-form surface, more intricate geometries can be realized. A number of potential applications have been outlined, however the principle focus is combining concrete additive manufacturing and casting. The end result is a partially-printed pavilion using a completely digital design-tofabrication workflow.