Visions of Belle van Zuylen
This is a story about an early feminist eighteenth-century intellectual, a proposal for a mighty skyscraper on the edge of a mid-size Dutch city, a chief government architect who was trying to find arguments to save the unspoilt views of the Green Heart of Holland and a group of researchers in the Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research. Historical references, unashamedly conspicuous architecture, present-day ideas on landscape conservation and planning policy are the main ingredients of the story. Why was the view of Utrecht in 2007 more widely discussed than Vermeer's View of Delft from 1660, and why were so many officials and politicians interested in the results of a highly technical GIS-based study by an institute many of them until then had hardly heard of?
As this article will make clear, even a largely academic study can have some tangible impact on a political decision-making process. In this particular case of the proposed (and controversial) Belle van Zuylen skyscraper, several seemingly unrelated facts and opinions came together. A succession of events worked in favour of the study that is the subject of this chapter: first, a proposal for an outsized building by the developer, then the rapid acceptance by a city eager to give its image a boost, followed by critical comments by the Chief Government Architect, who was backed up by his freshly installed cabinet minister. Suddenly, the skyscraper plan became something of a national issue, especially because the Green Heart of Holland, one of the most precious icons of the Dutch planning system, had come into play. In this situation, a study into the tower's visual effects was more than welcome for the policy makers involved in the decision process.
Lörzing, H., Harbers, A., and Breedijk, M. (2007) De Zichtbaarheid van de Belle van Zuylen-toren. Den Haag/Rotterdam, Ruimtelijk Planbureau/NAi Publishers.
Van Dijk, S., Valérie, C., Moser, M., and Strien, M. van (2006) Belle de Zuylen/Isabelle de Charrière: Education, Creation, Reception. Amsterdam, Rodopi.
VROM, Ministry of (2004) Nota Ruimte. Den Haag.
landscape policy; decision making; high-rise; tall building; skyscraper; guidance on tall buildings; high buildings policy; Utrecht; urban design; urban planning; visual impact assessment; GIS; viewshed analysis; skyline development; Belle van Zuylen
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