Authenticiteit en spiritualiteit
According to Seung The Charter of Venice (1964) was presented as a universal declaration in the field of protection of monuments and historic buildings, but in reality it was steeped in a European spirit. Consequently, this charter does not do justice to specifically eastern values. Western culture, as Seung starts his argument, originated from the Greek and Jewish civilizations, whereas eastern culture is based on China.
There are great differences between these two worlds, but they are nevertheless ignored by the charter referred to, which was based on the range of thought of writers such as John Ruskin and Camillo Boito.Even if Seung were right in his essentialist proposition with respect to Chinese culture, this is not sufficient proof of the fact that western culture is materialist. Nor is it clear yet why the charter of 1964 would have to comply with the image given of Chinese culture by Seung. A charter brings up something that needs improvement, it has not been developed to comply with traditions.
2 Otto von Simson, The Gothic Cathedral: Origins of Gothic Architecture and the Medieval Concept of Order, Princeton 1956, 24.
3 Rudolf Wittkower, Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism. Londen 1967.
4 Zie: Wim Denslagen en Niels Gutschow, Architectural Imitations: Reproductions and Pastiches in East and West, Maastricht 2005.
5 Robert Bevan, The Destruction of Memory. Architecture at War, Londen 2006, 189.
6 Michael Petzet, ‘In the full richness of their authenticity – The Test of Authenticity and the New Cult of Monuments’, Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention (Nara, Japan, 1994), UNESCO 1995, 88.
7 Nara Conference 1995, xxiii.
8 Gregory Ashworth en Peter Howard, European Heritage. Planning and Management, Exeter 1999, 44.
9 Nobuko Inaba, ‘What Is the Test of Authenticity for Intangible Properties’, Nara Conference 1995, 329-332.