Standards project the future
Keywords:Measurement standards, civilization, standardization, economic activity
Standards are shown to be fundamental to measurements and measurements emerge with early agrarian civilizations. This paper proposes that each of the six human civilizations: hunter/gatherer, agrarian, city state, industrial, information, and the future, may be better understood by examining the general form of standards necessary for that civilization. Then the latest form of standards offers some insight into future value systems.
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An earlier description of the successions of standards was published in Bridge, the 50th anniversary issue of the Journal of the National Academy of Engineering, January 7, 2021, Vol 50, Issue S.
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L. Euler, Elements of Algebra, Chapter I, Article I, #3. Third ed., Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Co., London England, 1822. “Now, we cannot measure or determine any quantity, except by considering some other quantity of the same kind as known, and pointing out their mutual relation.”
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