Exploring the Possibility of Using Bioreceptive Concrete in Building Façades


  • Max Veeger TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Department of Architectural Engineering and Technoilogy,
  • Alejandro Prieto TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Department of Architectural Engineering and Technoilogy
  • Marc Ottelé TU Delft, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department of Materials, Mechanics, Management & Design (3Md)




Bioreceptivity, biofilm, concrete façade panel


A bioreceptive material allows for biological content (biofilms) to grow on it, without necessarily affecting
the material itself. If a bioreceptive concrete could therefore be integrated into a building façade, it could
lead to green façades that do not need additional technical systems. As part of previous research by
the authors, a promising bioreceptive concrete mixture was formulated. The aim of this research is to
develop this concept by using the previously developed mixture to create a bioreceptive concrete façade
panel prototype, made using commonly available materials, that can direct where the biological growth
takes place. The latter is done by combining the bioreceptive concrete with a non-bioreceptive (UHPCbased) concrete in the same panel, through a two-stage pouring process. A biofilm was developed on this
prototype panel and results show that full coverage of the bioreceptive parts of the panel can be achieved
within two weeks under optimal growing conditions and biological growth can be directed. However,
exterior survivability is an issue for now. The concept of bioreceptive façades therefore shows promise,
yet further investigation into improving exterior survivability is necessary, while further research into the
underlying ecology, material, economics, and climate effects is also necessary.


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