A completely transparent, adhesively bonded soda-lime glass block masonry system
A pioneering, all transparent, self-supporting glass block facade is presented in this paper. Previously realized examples utilize embedded metal components in order to obtain the desired structural performance despite the fact that these elements greatly affect the facade’s overall transparency level. Undeniably, the oxymoron ‘transparency and strength’ remains the prime concern in such applications. In this paper, a new, innovative structural system for glass block facades is described, which demonstrably meets both criteria. The structure is exclusively constructed by monolithic glass blocks, bonded with a colourless, UV-curing adhesive, obtaining thus a maximum transparency. In addition, the desired structural performance is achieved solely through the masonry system, without any opaque substructure. Differing from previous realized projects, solid soda-lime glass blocks are used rather than borosilicate ones. This article provides an overview of the integrated architectural and structural design and discusses the choice of materials. The structural verification of the system is demonstrated. The results show that the adhesively bonded glass block structure has the required self-structural behaviour, but only if strict tolerances are met in the geometry of the glass blocks.
Christoph, P., & Knut, G. (2008). Innovative Glass Joints – The 11 March Memorial in Madrid. Paper presented at the Challenging Glass: Conference on Architectural and Structural Applications of Glass, Delft, The Netherlands.
Den Ouden, G. (2009). Lastechnologie. The Netherlands: VSSD.
Dietrich, N., Jerry, S., & Bruce, K. (1995). Glass Block. In J. Thomas (Ed.), Twentieth-century building materials : history and conservation (pp. 163-167). New York: McGraw-Hill.
GlasStress Ltd. (2014). GlasStress Ltd. Retrieved 18-11-2014, from http://www.glasstress.com/
GRANTA (2014). GRANTA Material Intelligence. Retrieved 20-11-2014, from http://www.grantadesign.com/education/
Hannah, B. H. (2009). Jaume Plensa: Crown Fountain as Carnivalesque. USA: ProQuest, Umi Dissertation Publishing.
Hiroshi, N. (2012). Optical glass house Architectural Review, 40-45.
Hiroshi, N., & NAP (2013). Residence in Hiroshima. DETAIL: Translucent and Transparent, 2, 157.
Murray, S. (2013). Translucent building skins : material innovations in modern and contemporary architecture. London: Routledge.
Pittsburgh Corning (2010). architectural Glass Block Products. U.S.A.: Pittsburgh Corning Corportation.
Poesia (2013). the glass side of life. Italy: Poesia.
Riewoldt (2014). Riewoldt - adhesion - cutting - die cutting/ Knowledge center. Retrieved from http://www.riewoldt.de/en/knowledge-center/fundamentals-of-adhesive-technology/
Schittich, C., Staib, G., Balkow, D., Schuler, M., & Sobek, W. (2006). Glass Construction Manual (2nd revised and expanded edition ed.). Basel: Birkhäuser.
Vindico (2014). Vindico Retrieved 15/11, 2014, from http://www.vindico.info/
Wiel Architects (2014). WAA Academy of Art & Architecture. Retrieved 20-08-2014, from http://www.wielaretsarchitects.com/en/projects/academy_of_art_amp_architecture/
Structural glass, solid glass block, adhesive, adhesive glass connections, soda-lime glass, glass blocks, glass masonry
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.Author(s) hold their copyright without restrictions.