Material Properties of Polymeric Interlayers under Static and Dynamic Loading with Respect to the Temperature
Looking at a current architecture, there are many examples of glass load bearing structures such as beams, panes, balustrades, columns or even stairs. These elements are mostly made of laminated glass panels. Panels are bonded together with polymer interlayer significantly influencing a shear forces transfer between them. There is still overall lack of knowledge in the task of shear forces transfer between these panels. It principally depends on the polymer stiffness, which is affected by an ambient temperature, humidity and load duration. Civil engineers currently tend to design laminated glass members on the safe side, generally not taking laminated panels interaction provided by the interlayer into account. This approach leads to uneconomical and robust glass bearing members significantly preventing the use of laminated glass more extensively. There are many polymer interlayers made for structural laminated glass applications available on a market. Most of them differ in stiffness and other important properties therefore these must be experimentally examined to design safer and more economical laminated glass members. This paper is focused on the shear modulus of PVB (polyvinyl-buthyral) and SentryGlasÒ (ionoplast) experimental investigations as a function of temperature and loading ratio. It is possible to find out these functions by static creep or relaxation tests as well as by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis-DMTA. A lot of DMTA experiments in shear with the aforementioned interlayers in various loading conditions have been performed in order to determine their shear stiffness. It also enables to identify their Prony parameters as a part of the next survey. Experimentally verified common polymer interlayer stiffness helps engineers to design safer and cheaper glass constructions. This is the way how to extend the use of laminated glass in a current architecture.