Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bridge Design in the Netherlands: Architectural challenges toward innovative, sustainable, and durable bridges

  • Joris Smits TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment


This paper reviews the use of fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs) in architectural and structural bridge design in the Netherlands. The challenges and opportunities of this relatively new material, both for the architect and the engineer, are discussed. An inventory of recent structural solutions in FRP is included, followed by a discussion on architectural FRP applications derived from the architectural practice of the author and of other pioneers.

How to Cite
SMITS, Joris. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bridge Design in the Netherlands. A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, [S.l.], n. 3, p. 123-144, mar. 2019. ISSN 2214-7233. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 30 nov. 2020. doi: