Thermal Induced Climatic Loads of Insulated Glazed Units in Energy Efficient Facades
Climatic loads on Insulated Glazed Units (IGU) have been investigated since the early 1990s. Beginning in 1996 a German technical guideline defined the procedure to respect climatic loads in static design of IGUs. Furthermore the required values of climatic changes and thermal changes of Double Glazed Units (DGU) have been determined. In practice, those values have been applied to other systems like Triple Glazed Units (TGU) as well as Double Skin Facades (DSF). In the last two decade’s those values haven not changed. This paper presents the results of a study on IGU’s in summer conditions, evaluating the thermal performance recent constructions. The upgrade from DGU to TGU causes a significant change of the thermal behavior. By adding a third glass layer, the middle glass gets insulated on both sides. In case of solar radiation the middle glass layer absorbs energy and is disabled to release energy. As a result, higher temperatures can be reached on TGU. By considering ventilated or not ventilated DSF’s, external or internal shading devices can influence further changes in the thermal behavior. This paper shows the development of an iterative calculation model by including present European standards. The model is able to deal with factors mentioned above. The results of different facade studies are shown and compared to the DIN 18008 standard. Furthermore the ongoing changes through European prestandards were discussed. Over all the study shows that a more sophisticated approach is necessary to determine correct temperature and climatic loads.